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SEDIMENTOLOGY AND STRATIGRAPHY

EART120

IN-CLASS EXERCISES

1. Rivers and fluvial channel type

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


2. Sediment transport and bedforms

Files: Lecture video (sed. transport), lecture video (bedforms), exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx for sed. transport, pptx for bedforms)


3. Unidirectional sedimentary structures

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf only), lecture slides (pptx)


4. Fluvial facies interpretation

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


5. Base level and accommodation

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


6. Provenance

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


7. Alluvial fans

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


8. Basin analysis

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


9. Aeolian processes and facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


10. Submarine fan processes and facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


In-class debate: origin of deep-water sandstone deposits

Link to exercise: here


11. Submarine fan facies cyclicity

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


12. Deep sea biogenic sediment

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


13. Sequence stratigraphy (systems tracts)

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


14. Wave-dominated coastal facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


15. Tidal flat facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


16. Delta facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


17. Estuary facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


18. Barrier island facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


19. Trace fossils and ichnofacies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


20. Coastal siliciclastic wrap-up

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


21. Carbonate depositional processes

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


22. Carbonate ramp facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


23. Carbonate platform facies

Files: Lecture video, exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx)


24. Reefs, cool-water and microbial carbonates

Files: Lecture videos (reefs, cool-water, microbial), exercise (pdf or Word), lecture slides (pptx for reefs, cool-water, microbial)

PROJECTS AND PAPERS

1. San Benito Gravels. This is the first stratigraphic column measured. The facies are fairly straightforward but the section is logistically challenging to measure. Students describe facies and interpret depositional environments, relating shifts in deposition to changes in base level (from tectonics, sea level, etc.).


Files: Field trip and assignment guide (pdf or Word), stratigraphic column template (pdf).


2. Pebble Beach/Pigeon Point. A classic example of submarine fan deposits. Students measure one large and one detailed section at Pebble Beach, and make observations of the deposits at Pigeon Point. The exercise involves integrating all of the information to reconstruct depositional processes and facies, and to infer the nature and causes of depositional cyclicity.


Files: Field trip and assignment guide (pdf or Word), stratigraphic column template (pdf).


3. Montara State Beach. This is the final project for the class and challenges student to synthesize material on coastal depositional environments and apply their knowledge of sequence stratigraphy. Students measure a section, describe facies and interpret depositional environments, and infer the nature and drivers of base level changes that led to the observed facies succession.


Files: Field trip and assignment guide (pdf or Word), stratigraphic column template (pdf).