Introduction to the Syrian Civil War
Quick guide to the conflict in the Middle East
Here are a few things to know about whats going on in Sryia:
Here are the major players in the region:
- It is partly a civil war between the government and its people.
- It is partly a religious war pitting Assadís minority Alawite sect, aligned with Shiite fighters from Iran and Hezbollah in Lebanon, against Sunni rebel groups.
- It is increasingly a proxy war featuring Russia and Iran against the United States and its allies.
Here is the Syrian Civil War's Wikipedia page.
- The Syrian government: a semi-presidential republic with multiparty representation.
- The Syrian Rebels: an umbrella term for the political structure represented by the Syrian National Coalition and associated anti-regime Syrian groups.
- Russia: the largest country in the world stretching across both Europe and Asia.
- Iran: an Islamic republic on the Persian Gulf with historical sites dating to the Persian Empire.
- Hezbollah: a Shi'a Islamist militant group and political party based in Lebanon.
- The United States: a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America.
- Turkey: a nation straddling eastern Europe and western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires.
- The Gulf States: the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)
- Alawites: part of a branch of Islam, Alawi Islam, centered in Syria, who follow the Twelver school of Shia Islam but with syncretistic elements.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL): a Salafi jihadist unrecognised proto-state and militant group that follows a fundamentalist, Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
I love answering questions. You can send me an email
If you have just come from the hello-java webpage, HI THERE