Introduction to the Syrian Civil War

Quick guide to the conflict in the Middle East

Here are a few things to know about whats going on in Sryia: Here are the major players in the region:
  1. The Syrian government: a semi-presidential republic with multiparty representation.
  2. The Syrian Rebels: an umbrella term for the political structure represented by the Syrian National Coalition and associated anti-regime Syrian groups.
  3. Russia: the largest country in the world stretching across both Europe and Asia.
  4. Iran: an Islamic republic on the Persian Gulf with historical sites dating to the Persian Empire.
  5. Hezbollah: a Shi'a Islamist militant group and political party based in Lebanon.
  6. The United States: a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America.
  7. Turkey: a nation straddling eastern Europe and western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires.
  8. The Gulf States: the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)
  9. Alawites: part of a branch of Islam, Alawi Islam, centered in Syria, who follow the Twelver school of Shia Islam but with syncretistic elements.
  10. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL): a Salafi jihadist unrecognised proto-state and militant group that follows a fundamentalist, Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
Here is the Syrian Civil War's Wikipedia page.
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