Politics 174: Global Environmental Politics
Winter Quarter 2004, TTH 12-1:45 PM, 101 Natural Sciences Annex
Instructor: Ronnie Lipschutz
Office Hours: M, 2-3; Tu, 2-3, or by appt.
260 Stevenson College, Phone: 459-3275 , e-mail: rlipsch@cats.ucsc.edu
TA: Barbara Durward (bdurward@ucsc.edu)
(This page will be updated periodically, and new resources will be added. Last update: March 11, 2004)

The web site for this course is:

Focus: This is an upper division course focused on the global environmental "problematique" and the ways in which it is being played out in a variety of political and policy arenas.  The course is intended to provide students with insights into:

We will approach these matters through a focus on four general aspects of the environmental problematique:

Assignments: In addition to attendence (10% of grade) at lectures (there will be no formal discussion sections), students must read the assigned texts and articles listed on the syllabus below.  There are several written requirements:

You can find a handout on writing, reading, and speaking by clicking on this sentence.

Required texts (available from Slug Books, and on reserve):
Ronnie D. Lipschutz, Global Environmental Politics  (Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2003)
Thomas Princen, et al (eds.), Confronting Consumption  (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002)
Vandana Shiva, Tomorrow's Biodiversity (Thames & Hudson, 2000)

Diane Raines Ward, Water Wars (New York: Riverhead Books, 2002)

Jack M. Hollander, The Real Environmental Crisis (Berkeley: UC Press, 2003).  This book has not been ordered through Slug Books! You can buy an electronic version of this book through Amazon for $10.36 at: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/B00008Z41Z/qid=1071514730/sr=12-1/104-7573725-1916755?v=glance&s=books

Useful web resources:

Other readings are hyperlinked to the lecture topics, below. Articles may be added during the quarter; please review this web site periodically.

Course Syllabus:
(click on lecture titles to access lecture notes)

Part I: Introduction to the course http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Pol174-w04-Part1.html

1/6: Soylent Green is People!

For background on the film, see: http://www.iol.ie/~carrollm/hh/chap-soy.htm

1/8: How might we think about global environmental politics?

Read: Lipschutz, ch. 1-2

Part II: How many people? http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Pol174-w04-Part2.html

1/13: Demography as science and ideology
(click here for slides--in Powerpoint)
Read: Eric B. Ross, "The Malthus Factor Poverty, Politics and Population in Capitalist Development," The Cornerhouse Briefing #20, 2000, at:
Hollander,  ch. 1-3.

1/15: Malthus and his followers
Read: Thomas Malthus, "An Essay on the Principle of Population," (1798), ch. 1, 2, 5, 7, 10, at: http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/malthus/malthus.0.html.  Skim the rest.

Browse the Home Page of the International Society of Malthus, at: http://desip.igc.org/malthus/

1/20: People as the ultimate resource
Ed Regis, "The Doomslayer,"  Wired, Feb. 1997, at: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/5.02/ffsimon_pr.html;
William O'Keefe, "Are Resources Finite in a World of Unlimited Intelligence?", at: 

Additional Reading:
Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb (Sierra Club-Ballantine, 1968).
Julian Simon, The Ultimate Resource 2 (Princeton, 1996).

Part III: Consumption and Its Discontents
Consumption and the Environment   http://www.deh.gov.au/pcepd/economics/consumption/
Toward Sustainable Consumption (http://www.newdream.org/discuss/nas.html)

1/22: Commodity Chains and Kipple Chains
Read: Princen, et al., ch. 1-3; Hollander, ch. 8, 11; National Academy of Sciences, Environmentally Significant Consumption: Research Directions (1997), ch. 1 (http://www.nap.edu/books/0309055989/html/index.html)

See also: Some commodity chains  (http://www.lclark.edu/~soan221/97/CommodityChain.html)
Explaining Kipple culture (http://totl.net/Kipple/index.html)
Mark Sagoff, "Do We Consume too Much?", http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Sagoff

1/27: Hazardous Capital and the Green Consumer
Read: Lipschutz, ch. 3; Princen, ch. 5-6

See also: Lyuba Zarsky, "International Investment Rules and the Environment,"  (http://www.foreignpolicy-infocus.org/briefs/vol4/v4n22env.html)

1/29: Who will rid me of these noisome wastes?
Read: Lipschutz, ch. 5; Princen, et al., ch. 7

See also: Berndt Brickell, "The Norms of the Basel Convention" (http://www.arbld.unimelb.edu.au/envjust/papers/allpapers/brikell/home.htm)
Zada Lipman, "Trade In Hazardous Waste: Environmental Justice Versus Economic Growth" (http://www.arbld.unimelb.edu.au/envjust/papers/allpapers/lipman/home.htm)
Tony Dias, "The Disaster and Its aftermath: The Hiroshima of the Chemical Industry"

Tara McGee, "Justice Dimensions of Environmental Contamination in Industry-Dependent Communities" (http://www.arbld.unimelb.edu.au/envjust/papers/allpapers/mcgee/home.htm)

Part IV: The Struggle for Nature

2/3: Who owns knowledge? TRIPS and the enclosure of the intellectual commons
Read: Shiva, "Introduction," ch. 1; Hollander, ch. 4; Markku Oksanen, "Privatising Genetic Resources: Biodiversity Preservation and Intellectual Property Rights" (http://www.arbld.unimelb.edu.au/envjust/papers/allpapers/oksanen/home.htm) 

Of potential interest: Peter J. Bryant, Biodiversity and Conservation http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/Titlpage.htm#Table of contents).  See chapter 7.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) http://www.cites.org/
Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) (http://www.biodiv.org/doc/)
Codex Alimentarius Commission www.codexalimentarius.net/

2/5: The valorization of genetic diversity and the GMO problem
Read: Shiva, ch. 3-4; Ross, ch. 6-7; Barbara Adams, et al, "The Politics of GM
," at:

See also:
Transgenic food articles (http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/pol174/Transgenic%20foods.html)
    Martin Teitel, "Unsafe at Any Seed?" Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy v15, n3 (Fall, 2000):40.
    Les Levidow & Susan Carr, "Sound Science or Ideology?" Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy v15, n3 (Fall,  2000):44.
    Nigel J. Taylor & Claude M. Fauquet, "Biotechnology's Greatest Challenge." Forum for Applied Research and  Public Policy v15, n3 (Fall, 2000):51.

2/10: Fate of the Forests  (http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Pol174-w04-Part5.html)
(click here for Powerpoint presentation) http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Forests1.ppt
Read: Peter J. Bryant, Biodiversity and Conservation ch. 10. http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/Titlpage.htm#Table of contents
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation). 2001. State of the World’s Forests 2001 atftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/003/y0900e/y0900e00.pdf
World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development, Our Forests, Our Future--Summary Report (1999), at: http://www.iisd.org/pdf/wcfsdsummary.pdf

2/12: Is sustainable forestry possible?

Ronnie D. Lipschutz, "Environmental Regulation, Certification, and Corporate Standards: A Critique," at: http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Lipschutz%20Forest%20paper.pdf
Earl E. Meidinger. 2002. “Forest Certification as Environmental Law Making by Global Civil Society,”  pp. 293-329, in: E. Meidinger, C. Elliott and G. Oesten (eds.), Social and Political Dimensions of Forest Certification, Remagen-Oberwinter, Germany: www.forstbuch.de , at: http://law.buffalo.edu/homepage/eemeid/scholarship/FCGCSLaw.pdf

See also:
Forest Conservation Portal, at: http://forests.org/
Rainforest Action Network, at: http://www.ran.org/


Part IVa: Something is in the Air  (http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Pol174-w04-Part6.html)

2/24: The air, the air is everywhere
Read: Hollander, ch. 5, 7; IPCC, "Summary for Policymakers," Climate Change 2001 Synthesis Report, at: http://www.ipcc.ch/pub/un/syreng/spm.pdf
Detlef Sprinz and Urs Luterbacher, "International Relations and Global Climate Change," http://www.pik-potsdam.de/dept/soc/e/reports/pr21_1.htm

See also:
UNEP, "Vital Climate Graphics," at:

Browse the World Resources Institute Climate Pages at http://www.wri.org/climate/index.html

2/26:  Lukewarm diplomacy (at best)

Read: Hermann E. Ott, "Climate change: an important foreign policy issue," International Affairs 77, 2 (2001):277-96, at:http://www.wupperinst.org/download/Int-Affairs-Ott.pdf
Surage Dessai, "The Climate Regime from the Hague to Marrakech: Saving or Sinking the Kyoto Protocol?" Tyndall Center for Climate Change Research, Working Paper 12, at:

See also:
Anil Agarwal, "Making the Kyoto Protocol Work: Ecological and economic effectivness, and equity in the climate regime,"  at: http://www.cseindia.org/html/eyou/climate/pdf/cse_stat.pdf
David G. Victor, "Enforcing International Law: Implications for an Effective Global Warming Regime," Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum 10, at: http://www.law.duke.edu/shell/cite.pl?10+Duke+Envtl.+L.+&+Pol'y+F.+147


Part IVb: Something is in the Water http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Pol174-w04-Part7.html

3/2: Water wars?
Read: Ward, ch 1-4; Hollander, ch. 6; Marq de Villiers, "Water Wars of the Near Future," at
http://www.itt.com/waterbook/Wars.asp; Joyce Starr, "Water Wars," Foreign Policy 82 (Spring): 17-36, at:  http://www.ciesin.org/docs/006-304/006-304.html

See also:
Peter Gleick, "The Changing Water Paradigm: A Look at Twenty-first Century Water Resources Development," Water International, Volume 25, Number 1, Pages 127-138, March 2000, at: http://www.iwra.siu.edu/win/win2000/win03-00/gleick.pdf

3/4: Water for sale?
 (Ben Crow's "Gender and Water" presentation:
Read: Ward, ch 5-epilogue; Clay Landry & Terry Anderson, "The Rising Tide of Water Markets," at: http://www.itt.com/waterbook/tide.asp; 
Jack Moss, Gary Wolff, Graham Gladden & Eric Guttieriez, "Valuing Water for Better Governance" (10 March 2003), at:

3/9: The Nature & Prospects of the Global Environmental Problematique http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Pol174-w04-Part%208.html
Read: Lipschutz, ch. 4,6; Hollander, ch. 9, 10, 12, 13

3/11: What are we to do? http://ic.ucsc.edu/~rlipsch/Pol174.w04/Civil%20society%20&%20soc.%20mvmts..doc