Jeffrey Bury

Current Research Projects

Mining, Livelihoods and Social Change in the Andes

Over the course of the past 15 years, Peru has become a leading producer of gold for the global economy. In the early 1990's the country was transformed by neoliberal economic and political restructuring. Since then, the country has become an important destination for most of the world's large transnational mining corporations. My research has been directed towards understanding how and the ways in which this new mining “boom” is transforming Andean livelihoods and environments. In the past 10 years I have engaged in a variety of research projects evaluating the linkages between mining operations and local change in the region. This includes extensive research focusing on the impacts of transnational gold mining operations in the Cajamarca region on livelihoods and local development. Recently, I served as a Fulbright Scholar to Peru and a visiting ESRC/SSRC Fellow at the University of Manchester to help develop new publications and research activities in conjunction with Professor Anthony Bebbington's ESRC Research Fellowship entitled Conflicts over the countryside: civil society and the political ecology of rural development in the Andes.

Recent Publications

Bebbington, Anthony and Jeffrey Bury. 2009. Institutional challenges for mining and sustainability in Peru. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(38), doi.10.1073/pnas.0906057106. Early Edition Online Open Access

Bury, Jeffrey. 2008. Transnational Corporations and Livelihood transformations in the Peruvian Andes: An actor-oriented political ecology. Human Organization 67(3) pp. 307-321. PDF

Bebbington, A.,  Bury, Jeffrey, Humphreys-Bebbington, D., Lingan, J., Munoz, J.P. and Scurrah, M. 2008.  Mining and social movements: struggles over livelihood and rural territorial development in the Andes. World Development 36, (12): 2888–2905. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2007. Mining and migration in the Peruvian Andes. Professional Geographer 58(3) pp 378-389. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2005. Mining mountains: neoliberalism, land tenure, livelihoods and the new Peruvian mining industry in Cajamarca. Environment and Planning A 2005, 37(2) pp. 221-239. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2004. Livelihoods in transition: transnational gold mining operations and local change in Cajamarca, Peru. Geographic Journal, 170(1): pp. 78-91. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2002. Peasant protests, livelihoods and mining in the Peruvian Andes. Journal of Latin American Geography 1(1): pp. 3-17, 2002. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2001. Corporations and capitals: a framework for evaluating the impacts of transnational corporations in developing countries. Journal of Corporate Citizenship 1 (Spring), pp. 75-91, 2001. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2007. Neoliberalism, mining and rural change in Cajamarca. In A. Bebbington (ed.) Minería, movimientos sociales y respuestas campesinas. Una ecología política de transformaciones territoriales . Lima. Instituto de Estudios Peruanos: pp. 49-80. Spanish PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2007. Mining, migration and livelihood transformations in Cajamarca, Peru. In A. Bebbington (ed.) Minería, movimientos sociales y respuestas campesinas. Una ecología política de transformaciones territoriales . Lima. Instituto de Estudios Peruanos: 231-277. Spanish PDF

Bebbington, A., Humphreys Bebbington, D., Bury, J., Lingan, J., Muñoz, J.P. and Scurrah, M. 2007. Los movimientos sociales frente a la minería:disputando el desarrollo territorial andino in J. Bengoa (ed.) Movimientos sociales y Desarrollo territorial ruralen América Latina . Santiago. Editorial Catalonia.

Bury, Jeffrey. 2003. Frameworks and Methodologies for Evaluating Socially Responsible Business: A Case Study of Minera Yanacocha. In, F. Portocarrero and C. Sanborn, eds. De la Caridad a la Solidaridad: Filantropía y Voluntariado en el Perú. University of the Pacific: Center for Investigation, Lima, Peru, pp. 385-423. Spanish PDF


Ecotourism, Mining and Conservation in the Cordillera Huayhuash


The Andean mountains, as they are the longest mountain chain in the world, are often divided into corridors, or "cordilleras". In Central Peru, one of the more remote Cordillera's is the Huayhuash (pronounced why-wash). In the past ten years the Cordillera Huayhuash has become increasingly integrated into currents of change in Peru as tourists, mining companies and conservation organizations have increasingly begun to transform the region. My current research in the area is directed towards evaluating the impacts of new mining operations, ecotourism and conservation efforts on local communities.

Recent Publications

Bury, Jeffrey. 2008. Ecotourism and conservation in the Cordillera Huayhuash, Peru. Tourism Geographies 10(3): 312-333. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey. 2006. New community-led conservation efforts in the Cordillera Huayhuash, Peru. Mountain Research and Development 26 (2). PDF


Glacier Recession in the Tropical Andes


Tropical mountains have been experiencing dramatic shifts in glacier and ice coverage for the past several decades. These shifts, largely due to global climate change, have led to the rapid recession of glaciers throughout the Peruvian Andes. Communities and households are very dependent upon glacial-fed water resources for consumption, livestock and sanitation. My research efforts over the course of past several years have been directed towards evaluating the impacts of glacier recession in the Cordillera Blanca (The Central Peruvian Andes) on household livelihoods and communities throughout the region. Human populations in the region are experiencing increasing vulnerability to these global climate-change induced shifts. In conjunction with Dr. Bryan Mark from Byrd Polar Center and Department of Geography at Ohio State University and Dr. Jeffrey McKenzie from McGill University, we have been examining the rate and scale of glacier recession in the region, the effects of glacier recession on hydrological resources and the impacts of increasing hydrological variability on household vulnerability and livelihoods and adaptive management strategies. Our research is supported by a National Science Foundation Geography and Spatial Sciences collaborative grant (BCS-0752211). This project is strongly committed to training the next generation of students to engage in high elevation field research, global change studies and geographic information systems and remote sensing work. In the summer of 2009 the research team participated in an international workshop "Adapting to a World without Glaciers" organized by The Mountain Institute, in collaboration with the Peruvian Ministry of Environment, the Peruvian National Council for Science and Technology, the U.S. Agency for International Development, the National Science Foundation, the University of Georgia and Pontificia Universidad Catholica del Peru. We also received support from a National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates grant (BCS-0932610) to train six students from Ohio State University and the University of California. Our work has also been generously supported by Scarpa, Black Diamond and Oakley outdoor companies.

Visit the REU 2009 Trip Report and Evaluation Page

Recent Publications

Baraer, Michel, Jeffrey McKenzie, Bryan Mark, Jeffrey Bury and Sara Knox. Forthcoming. Characterizing contributions of glacier melt and ground water during the dry season in a poorly gauged catchment of the Cordillera Blanca (Peru). Advances in Geosciences.

Orlove, Ben, Jeffrey Bury and Charles Walker. Forthcoming.  Climate Change and Water in the Andes Symposium Report. Mountain Forum Bulletin.

French, Adam and Jeffrey Bury.  2009. Livelihoods at Risk: Agricultural Viability and Converging Climatic and Economic Change in the Central Andes.  Mountain Forum Bulletin 9(1), pp. 7-9. PDF

Bury, Jeffrey, Adam French, Bryan Mark and Jeffrey McKenzie.  2008. Adapting to uncertain futures. A report on new glacier recession and livelihood vulnerability research in the Peruvian Andes.  Mountain Research and Development. 28 (3/4): 332-333. PDF

UCSC Currents article outlining our research (May 26, 2008).



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