Version: 11 November 2016
We test for whether political parties can exert precise control over the outcomes of legislative elections. We apply two tests for whether the party that previously held a majority is discontinuously likely to win enough seats to barely retain its majority. We apply these tests to high-stakes state elections that determine which party controls Congressional redistricting. Our tests show large discontinuities in both pre-election characteristics and the probability density of the election outcome at the threshold that determines control of the legislature. By channeling campaign funds to incumbent state legislators, the majority party almost guarantees it retains its majority.
Version: 3 December 2016
This paper revisits the classical inverse farm size-productivity relationship in Malawi. Using World Bank LSMS data, I demonstrate that the inverse relationship can be overstated by the measurement error in farm size, following Cohen (2015)'s method. Even with the correction of measurement errors, the inverse relationship is found within household for physical maize output as well as major inputs including labor and maize seed, but not for fertilizer. Unlike productivity, smaller plots are neither more nor less efficient based on a plot-specific profit measure and cost per unit output. Given the labor intensive nature of farming, the results suggest that there is limited scope of economies of scale in maize production in Malawi.
Work in Progress
“Information Friction and Credit Constraints in Agricultural Labor Market in Tanzania”
“Impact of Mobile Money on Existing Informal Risk Sharing Mechanism” with Valentina Brailovskaya, Eilin Francis, and Brian Giera