Welcome to Arian's Cave of Wonders!!!
Prepare yourself to be enlightened about one of the subjects which Arian deems to be his most beloved of all, Persian history. It will be a great journey. You will walk into this cave, knowing nothing about who this person is, and walk out with a tiny taste of where his interests lie.
"What you are looking at is one of Arian's favourite aspects of Persian culture, historical artwork. This is an image depicting an epic scene from the epic work of literature, known as the "Shahnameh" (or Book of Kings).."
"The Shahnameh was written by Ferdowsi, one of Arian's favourite poets of all time, in 980 CE. He is known for preserving the Persian language from heavy Arabic influence after the fall of the Sassanid Empire."
Here is a list of some of Arian's favourite poets:
Here is a short excerpt from Omar Khayyam's "Rubaiyat".
- Omar Khayyam
I have read the Rubaiyat and this type of poetry is absolutely beautiful. I read it every day and it makes me forget about all of life's small troubles and reminds me of my reason for existing on this Earth. Omar Khayyam was also one of the most significant scientists in the history of western academia. He was responsible for developing non-Euclidean geometry as a mathematician, he (very accurately) measured the length of the solar year to 365.24219858156 days based on the Persian calendar, and also had other contributions in the fields of medicine, trigonometry, etc.
One of the most notable scholars in Iranian-Persian history was Avicenna (also known as Ibn'e Sina). He lived from 980-1037 A.D and was primarily a philosopher and physician, but he also made many important contributions to science. Probably the most important contribution was the idea that science must be based on actual physical observation and demonstration by experiment as opposed to the baseless "thought experiments" of the ancients.
In medicine, Avicenna codified existing knowledge. His treatises organized the pharmaceuticals of the day and introduced the concepts of quarantine and of transmission of diseases to prevent the spread of disease. He also postulated a link between diet, exercise and health.
One of his most significant contributions to original scientific knowledge was Ibne Sina's demonstration, by observation and calculation, that Venus lies closer to the sun that the earth. In the field of chemistry, Avicenna was the first to explain and postulate steam distillation of alcohol and essential oils. In physics, Avicenna's observations presaged Newton's first two laws of motion. Avicenna also classified simple machines into categories, considered a major step in engineering.
Here are some of the many Iranian inventions/discoveries that are worth noting:
- Gas Laser
- Fridge ("Yakhchal")
- Natural Home cooling system ("Qanat"). Used complex system of tunnels, structures and water propulsion to manipulate temperature.
- Space-time block code. It's a technique used in wireless communications to transmit multiple copies of a data stream across a number of antennas and to exploit the various received versions of the data to improve the reliability of data-transfer.
- Chess ("Shatranj")
- First declaration of human rights (famously known as the Cyrus Cylinder). It was written by Cyrus the Great, who abolished slavery and allowed freedom of religion.
- Ancient batteries designed by Parthian scientists. Although original use is still unknown, there is evidence that they were used for electroplating.
- Cannon of Medicine
- Ice Cream
- Medieval Chain Mail along with Cataphracts (influenced transition of western civilizations to medieval warfare).
"This is an image of the Cyrus Cylinder, which is held in the National British Museum."
If you have any questions, you are certainly welcome to send me email here.