Selected Research Publications for Karen D. Holl – updated July 2013

Holl, K. D., V. M. Stout, J. L. Reid & R. A. Zahawi. In press. Testing heterogeneity-diversity relationships in tropical forest restoration. Oecologia.

Zahawi, R. A., K. D. Holl, R. J. Cole & J. L. Reid. 2013. Testing applied nucleation as a strategy to facilitate tropical forest recovery. Journal of Applied Ecology 50:88-96.

Reid, J. L. & K. D. Holl. 2013. Arrival ≠ Survival. Restoration Ecology 21:153-155.

Lindell, C. A., R. J. Cole, K. D. Holl, and R. A. Zahawi. 2012. Migratory bird species in young tropical forest restoration sites: effects of vegetation height, planting design, and season. Bird Conservation International 22:94-105.

Moore, P. L., Holl, K. D. & Wood, David M. 2011. Strategies for Restoring Native Riparian Understory Plants Along the Sacramento River: Timing, Shade, Non-native Control, and Planting Method. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 9(2).

Holl, K. D. R. A. Zahawi, R. J. Cole, R. Ostertag, and S. Cordell.  2011. Planting seedlings in tree islands versus plantations as a large-scale tropical forest restoration strategy. Restoration Ecology 19:470-479.


Celentano, D., R. A. Zahawi, B. Finegan, R. Ostertag, R. J. Cole, and K. D. Holl. 2011. Litterfall dynamics under different tropical forest restoration strategies. Biotropica 43:279-287.


McClain, C. D., K. D. Holl, and D. M. Wood. 2011. Successional models as guides for restoration of riparian forest understory. Restoration Ecology. 19:280-289


Holl, K.D., Aide, T.M., 2011. When and where to actively restore ecosystems? Forest Ecology and Management 261:1588-1563.


Cole, R.J., Keene, C., Zahawi, R.A., Holl, K.D., 2011. Direct seeding of late successional trees to restore tropical montane forest. Forest Ecology and Management  261:1590-1597.


Cole, R.J., Holl, K.D., Zahawi, R.A., 2010. Seed rain under tree islands planted to restore degraded lands in a tropical agricultural landscape. Ecological Applications 20: 1255-1269.


Bonilla-Moheno, M. and K. D. Hol1. 2010. Direct seeding to restore tropical mature-forest species in areas of slash-and-burn agriculture. Restoration Ecology 18(S2):438-445.


Sady, G. C., K. D. Holl, R. J. Cole, R. A. Zahawi. 2010. Germination and survival of tree seeds in a tropical montane forest restoration study (Costa Rica). Ecological Restoration 28: 121-124.


Zahawi, R.A., Holl, K.D., 2010. Bridging the gap between scientific research and tropical forest restoration: a multifaceted research, conservation, education, and outreach program in southern Costa Rica. Ecological Restoration 28: 143-146.


Morrison, E. B., C. A. Lindell, K. D. Holl and R. A. Zahawi.  2010. Patch size effects on avian foraging behaviour: implications for tropical forest restoration design. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 130–138


Zahawi, R. A. and K. D. Holl. 2009. Comparing the performance of tree stakes and seedlings to restore abandoned tropical pastures. Restoration Ecology 16: 854-864.


Fink, R. A., C. A. Lindell, E. B. Morrison, R. A. Zahawi, and K. D. Hol1. 2009.  Patch size and tree species influence the number and duration of bird visits in forest restoration plots in southern Costa Rica.  Restoration Ecology 16: 479-486.


Vieira, D.L.M., K.D. Holl, and F.M. Peneireiro.  2009. Agro-successional restoration as a strategy to facilitate tropical forest recovery.  Restoration Ecology 17: 451–459.


Buisson, E., S. Anderson, K. D. Holl, E. Corcket, G. F. Hayes, A. Peteers, and T. Dutoit. 2008.  Effect of seed source, topsoil removal, and plant neighbour removal on restoring California coastal prairies. Applied Vegetation Science 11: 195-204.


Rein, F.A., M. Los Huertos, K.D. Holl, and J.H. Langenheim. 2007. Restoring native grasses as vegetative buffers in a coastal california agricultural landscape.  Madroño 54:249-257.


Vasey, M. C., K.D. Holl. 2007. Ecological restoration in California: Challenges and prospects. Madroño 54: 215-224.


Holl, K.D. Oldfield vegetation succession in the neotropics. 2007. Pages 93-117 in V.A Cramer and R.J. Hobbs (eds). Old fields. Island Press: Washington, DC.


Holl, K.D., L. Pejchar, and S.G. Whisenant. Overcoming physical and biological obstacles to restore natural capital. 2007. Pages 249-255 in J. Aronson, S.J. Milton, and J.N. Blignaut (eds). Restoring Natural Capital. Island Press: Washington, DC.


Sampaio, A.B., K.D. Holl, and A. Scariot. 2007. Regeneration of seasonal deciduous forest tree species in long-used pastures in Central Brazil. Biotropica 39: 655-659


Sampaio, A.B., K.D. Holl, and A. Scariot. 2007. Does restoration enhance regeneration of seasonal deciduous forests in pastures in central Brazil? Restoration Ecology 15:462-471.


Satterthwaite W.H., K.D. Holl, G.F. Hayes, and A.L. Barber. 2007. Seed banks in plant conservation: Case study of Santa Cruz tarplant restorationBiological Conservation 135: 57-66.


Buisson, E.,  K.D. Holl, S. Anderson, E. Corcket, G.F. Hayes, A. Peteers, and T. Dutoit. 2007. Effect of seed source, topsoil removal, and plant neighbor removal on restoring California coastal prairies. Restoration Ecology 14: 569-577.


Vieira, D.L.M., A. Scariot, and K.D. Holl. 2006. Effects of habitat, cattle grazing and selective logging on seedling survival and growth in dry forest of Central Brazil.  Biotropica 39: 269-274.


Fox, L.R., H.N. Steele, K.D. Holl and M.H. Fusari. 2006. Contrasting demographies and persistence of rare annual plants in highly variable environments.  Plant Ecology 183: 157-170.          


Holl, K. D. and G. F. Hayes.  2006. Challenges to introducing and managing disturbance regimes for Holocarpha macradenia, an endangered annual grassland forb.  Conservation Biology 20: 1121-1131.


Vieira, D. L. M., A. Scariot, A. B. Sampaio, and K. D. Holl. 2006.  Tropical dry-forest regeneration from root suckers in Central Brazil.  Journal of Tropical Ecology 22:353-357.


Moffatt, K. C., E. E. Crone, K. D. Holl, R. W. Schlorff, and B. A. Garrison. 2005.  Importance of hydrologic and landscape heterogeneity for restoring Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) colonies along the Sacramento River, California.  Restoration Ecology 13: 391-402.


Pejchar, L., K. D. Holl, and J. L. Lockwood. 2005. Hawaiian honeycreeper home range size varies with habitat: implications for native Acacia koa forestry.  Ecological Applications 15: 1053–1061.


Holl, K. D. and E. E. Crone. 2004.  Local vs. landscape factors affecting restoration of riparian understorey plants.  Journal of Applied Ecology 41:922-933.


Hayes, G. F. and K. D. Holl.  2003. Site-specific responses of native and exotic species to clipping frequency, litter accumulation and soil disturbance in a mesic grassland community.  Applied Vegetation Science 6: 235-244.


Hayes, G. F. and K. D. Holl.  2003.  Cattle grazing impacts on vegetation composition and structure of mesic grasslands in California.  Conservation Biology 17: 1694-1702.


Holl, K. D., E. E. Crone, and C. B. Schultz.  2003.  Landscape restoration: moving from generalities to methodologies.  BioScience 53: 491-502.


Holl, K. D.  2002.  The effect of coal surface mine revegetation practices on long-term vegetation recovery.  Journal of Applied Ecology 39: 960-970.


Holl, K. D.  2002. Effect of shrubs on tree seedling establishment in abandoned tropical pasture. Journal of Ecology 90:179-187.


Holl, K. D. and J. Cairns, Jr.  2002. Monitoring ecological restoration.  Pages 413-444 in Handbook of Ecological Restoration, vol. I, ed. M. Perrow and A.J. Davy. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Holl, K. D. 2002. Tropical moist forest restoration.  Pages 539-558 in Handbook of Ecological Restoration, vol. II, ed. A. J. Davy and M. Perrow. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.


Holl, K. D. 2002.  Roots of chaparral shrubs fail to penetrate a geosynthetic landfill liner. Ecological Restoration 20:111-115.


Van Dyke, E., K. D. Holl, J. Griffin. 2002. Maritime chaparral transition in the Prunedale Hills.  Madroño 48: 221-229.


MacMahon, J. A. and K. D. Holl.  2001.  Ecological restoration: a key to conservation biology’s future. Pages 245-269 in Research Priorities in Conservation Biology, ed. M. E. Soulé and G. Orians. Island Press: Washington, DC.


Loik, M. E. and K. D. Holl.  2001.  Growth and photosynthesis of tropical tree seedlings under grass and under shrubs in early-successional tropical old fields, Costa Rica. Oecologia 127:40-50.

Holl, K. D. and R. B. Howarth. 2000. Paying for restoration. Restoration Ecology 8: 260-267.

Holl, K. D., M. E. Loik, E. H. V. Lin, and I. A. Samuels. 2000. Restoration of tropical rain forest in abandoned pastures in Costa Rica: overcoming barriers to dispersal and establishment. Restoration Ecology 8: 339-349.

Holl, K. D, H. N. Steele, M. H. Fusari, and L. R. Fox. 2000. Seed banks of maritime chaparral and abandoned roads: potential for vegetation recovery. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 127:207-220.

Loik, M. E. and K. D. Holl. 1999. Photosynthetic responses of light for rain forest seedlings planted to restore abandoned pasture, Costa Rica. Restoration Ecology 7:253-261.

Holl, K. D. and M. Kappelle. 1999. Tropical forest recovery and restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14:378-379.

Holl, K. D. 1999. Factors limiting tropical moist forest regeneration in agricultural land: seed rain, seed germination, microclimate and soil. Biotropica 31:229-242.

Holl, K. D. and E. Quiros Nietzen. 1999. The effect of rabbit herbivory on reforestation of an abandoned pasture in southern Costa Rica. Biological Conservation 87:391-395.

Holl, K. D. 1998. Effects of above- and below-ground competition of shrubs and grass on Calophyllum brasiliense (Camb.) seedling growth in abandoned tropical pasture. Forest Ecology and Management 109:187-195.

Holl, K. D. 1998. The role of bird perching structures in accelerating tropical forest recovery. Restoration Ecology 6:253-261.

Holl, K. D., and M. E. Lulow. 1997. Effects of species, habitat, and distance from edge opost-dispersal seed predation in a tropical rainforest. Biotropica 29:459-468.

Holl, K. D. 1996. The effect of coal surface mine reclamation on diurnal lepidopteran conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology 33: 225-236.

Holl, K. D. 1996. Restoration ecology: some new perspectives. Pages 25-35 in: Preservation of Natural Diversity in Transboundary Protected Areas: Research Needs/Management Options. National Research Council: Washington, D. C.

Holl, K. D., G. C. Daily, and P. R. Ehrlich. 1995. A survey of knowledge and perceptions in Costa Rica regarding environment, population, and biodiversity issues. Conservation Biology 9: 1548-1558.

Holl, K. D. 1995. Nectar resources and their effect on butterfly population dynamics on reclaimed coal surface mines. Restoration Ecology 3: 76-85.

Holl, K. D. and J. Cairns, Jr. 1994. Vegetational community development on reclaimed coal surface mines in Virginia. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 121: 327-337.

Holl, K. D., G. C. Daily, and P. R. Ehrlich. 1993. The fertility plateau in Costa Rica: a review of causes and remedies. Environmental Conservation 20: 317-324.

Holl, K. D., G. C. Daily, and P. R. Ehrlich. 1990. Integrated pest management in Latin America. Environmental Conservation 17: 341-350.